Friedman | Rubin has joined with Littlepage Booth, Power Rogers and Smith, and Brodkowitz Law, to bring suit against the Boeing Company exposing a “dirty little secret” in the commercial airline industry: cabin air breathed by passengers and flight crew can become contaminated with toxic by-products from jet engine oil. Since 1954, Boeing, the leading manufacturer of commercial airplanes, has used a "bleed air system" for cabin air on the vast majority of its planes. This means that the air breathed by passengers and the flight crew comes from the outside, then through the heated jet engines and into the cabin. If the jet engine leaks oil (for one of a number of reasons), the toxic by-products of that oil get into the cabin air system. Known as “fume events,” studies estimate that one such air contamination event occurs every day.
Announcement of the lawsuit was featured on national news show on June 23, 2015 (Click link to watch):
1. Today Show
Fume events can be very dangerous to the health of passengers and crew members, causing both short and long-term injuries.
Air from the outside environment is pulled into the plane through the jet engines. This “bleed air system” permits contaminated engine oil by-products to enter the cabin air.
Over the past several decades, Boeing was put on notice - at least 40 times - that contaminated bleed air was a serious health hazard and safety measures were sorely needed. As Boeing documents confirm, the aircraft manufacturer knew fume events were occurring and causing toxic air to enter the cabin. Boeing also knew contaminated air could cause serious health problems for flight crew and passengers. Yet, despite this knowledge, Boeing never designed, installed or retrofitted its aircrafts with either alarms or sensors so the flight crew could receive immediate warnings of a fume event and take counter-measures (such as stopping air coming into the cabin from the affected engine); or put into the cabin air system appropriate filters to remove oil by-products. Boeing documents routinely discuss the need for such sensors, alarms or filters but upper management showed little interest in actually providing solutions to this safety problem. As one Boeing engineer noted, it was probably going to take “a tombstone before anyone with any horsepower is going to take interest.” (Ex. 1).
In 2005, at an International Aero Industry Conference, a team of experts from various fields (including executives for the British Airline Pilots Union, physicians, researchers and lawyers), focused on a safety issue that “has been under the radar in this industry for a number of years: the problem of oil leaks in aircraft.” (Ex. 2). The panel concluded that contaminated cabin air was causing a danger for passengers and “a workplace problem resulting in chronic and acute illness amongst flight crew” resulting in “significant flight safety issues.” The panel “urgently call upon Government, Industry and Regulators to work in partnership with cabin environment medical and analyst specialists and representatives from flight crew unions to analyze, quantify and remedy the cabin air quality problems” identified. (Ex. 3).
The newly filed lawsuit, Woods et al v. Boeing, is venued in Chicago where Boeing has its headquarters. The suit was brought on behalf of four flight attendants who, on July 12, 2013, suffered debilitating injuries from a “fume event” on board a Boeing 737 aircraft. These women ask that Boeing take responsibility for its actions and implement safety measures to protect future passengers and flight crew from such injuries. In this and other cases under investigation, Friedman | Rubin and the litigation group represent people injured by toxic cabin air. These clients developed aerotoxic syndrome after exposure to contaminated cabin air, including short and long term injuries and cognitive impairment. Reported toxic cabin air injuries include: nausea, vomiting, rashes, dizziness, shortness of breath, loss of consciousness, headaches, blurred vision, gastrointestinal difficulties, decreased motor skills, numbness and tingling in arms, hands and feet, joint and muscle pain, tremors, balance problems and residual cognitive impairment such as memory loss, trouble concentrating and difficulty with reading or writing. (Ex. 4).
If you or a loved one developed injuries following a flight where you believe the cabin air was contaminated, please contact Friedman | Rubin at 206-501-4446 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
After a week of trial, Alameda County and Corizon Health, Inc., a national for-profit jail healthcare corporation, have agreed to pay $8.3 million dollars to four adult children of Martin Harrison. Mr. Harrison was tased and beaten to death while suffering from delirium tremens caused by Corizon’s failure to provide medical care to him at the Santa Rita Jail in August 2010.
The lawsuit revealed that Corizon allowed licensed vocational nurses (LVN) to do the intake medical assessments only registered nurses are allowed to do under California law. When Mr. Harrison was arrested and taken to jail, he told the Corizon LVN that he drank every day, his last drink was that day, and he had a history of alcohol withdrawal. The LVN nevertheless decided not to provide Mr. Harrison with life-saving alcohol withdrawal protocols, and she sent him to the general jail population with no medical follow-up. Over the next three days, Mr. Harrison descended into severe alcohol withdrawal -- delirium tremens – and was having hallucinations. Guards who came to subdue him tased and then beat him until he was unconscious. He died of his injuries.
In addition to the record compensation, Corizon and the County agreed to sweeping reforms (injunctive relief), to be overseen by the Judge Jon S. Tigar of the United States District Court for the Northern District of California. The injunction seeks to correct institutional failures that led to Mr. Harrison’s unnecessary death. Corizon agreed to implement major changes in how it staffs jails throughout the entire state as a part of this settlement. This was an important part of the settlement for Mr. Harrison's children. They wanted to make sure a tragedy like theirs does not happen to someone else.
The case was tried by Rick Friedman with co-counsel Michael Haddad and Julia Sherwin of Oakland, CA.
MKB Constructors, a public works contractor involved in school construction, obtained a "Builder's Risk" policy from American Zurich Insurance Company that included an “earth movement endorsement,” covering damage caused by “earth sinking.” While only 2 inches of settling of the building pad was contemplated by prior geotech analysis, actual settling during construction of the pad was much greater, leading to increased construction costs. MKB then brought a claim under the policy. Zurich's initial investigation corroborated MKB's claim, but they did not tell that to MKB. Instead, Zurich looked for ways to unreasonably deny the claim. In their verdict, the jury found that Zurich was unreasonable and awarded $2.4 Million to MKB. This award included an $862,000 penalty against Zurich under Washington’s Insurance Fair Conduct Act (IFCA). This is believed to be the largest penalty ever levied against an insurance company under the IFCA statute. MKB is also entitled to an award for attorney fees, expert fees and costs as a further penalty for Zurich's misconduct.
Friedman | Rubin Trial Lawyers: Ken Friedman, Peter Mullenix and Richard Dykstra.
Experienced gravel mine operators purchased land from Port of Tacoma with an existing 20-year permit to mine gravel in Thurston County. Enviromental opponents of the mine gained control of county commission and placed numerous hurdles in the way of the mining operation. The commission arbitraily ordered additional environmental studies and hearings even though County's hearing examiner had already ruled that the gravel mining operation was complying with all rules applicable at the time the permit was issued. As a result of the delay, uncertainty and legal expenses, the mine failed and the property reverted to the seller, Port of Tacoma. After a four week trial, the jury awarded $4 Million for the gravel mining firm and $8 Million for the port authority against County. This was the largest land-use verdict in Washington history.
Friedman | Rubin Trial Lawyer: Don Bauermeister – Bremerton, WA
Co-counsel: Jed Powell – Seattle, WA; The Port was represented by co-counsel Pat Schneider and Steve Gillespie of Seattle.
Brad Gniffke was riding his motorcycle to the grocery store when he was cut off by a delivery truck which had pulled into the left turn lane before making a hard right turn. Brad was forced to stop short and he suffered a severe head injury when his head hit the pavement.
The case was a difficult one inasmuch as Brad did not collide with the truck and he was not wearing a helmet. In Minnesota, a motorcycle rider with a permit (rather than a license) is required to wear a helmet, and failure to wear a helmet can be considered by the jury in reducing its verdict. The truck driver disputed Brad's version of events and the defense attacked Brad's credibility relentlessly. Brad suffered from traumatic brain injury, but the defendant disputed its severity and claimed that it could have been avoided by wearing a helmet. Fortunately, there were upstanding witnesses to the accident, including a state trooper and local business owners who helped set the record straight. Lay witnesses provided strong support for Brad's damage claims and experts hired by Friedman | Rubin effectively blunted the no-helmet defense.
The jury determined Brad's damages as follows: $1.1M for past pain, disability and emotional distress, $450,000 for loss of earnings, $1.5M for future pain, disability and emotional distress, $800,000 for future lost earnings. The jury determined that Brad's wife Shirley suffered $230,000 damages for loss of consortium. The jury attributed 35% fault to Brad which may reduce the recovery by that percentage. Post trial motions for prejudgment interest and costs are expected.
Friedman | Rubin Trial Lawyers: Rick Friedman and Sean Gamble – Seattle, WA
Co-counsel: Ken White – Mankato, MN
Friedman | Rubin attorney, Peter Mullenix, recently spoke at the WSAJ Tort Law Seminar, at the Washington State Convention Center in Seattle. His topic, Unraveling the da Vinci Code – Litigating Robotically-Assisted Surgery Claims is one that Friedman | Rubin knows well. Here is a summary:
Intuitive Surgical, Inc.’s da Vinci robot is a four-armed, remote controlled surgery system used to perform laparoscopic surgery. It is one of the most rapidly adopted medical technologies in history. Though the robot was not even cleared for use until 2000, more than 450,000 da Vinci procedures were performed in 2012, including 80 percent of U.S. prostatectomies. This growth has been driven by a hyper-aggressive marketing style that involves the setting of surgical quotas for individual surgeons by the manufacturer and direct-to-patient advertising. Though the robots can cost upwards of $2 million, they are being purchased nationwide by even the smallest hospitals. In fact, as of December 2012, there were da Vinci Systems installed in 2,025 hospitals. The hospitals, many of which are already struggling financially, use ISI-provided marketing materials in hopes of attracting new patients. Many hospitals also turn to ISI for aid in setting doctor credentialing criteria, which ISI’s representatives work to keep artificially low, endangering patients.
The primary danger is that the surgeons using the robot have inadequate training and inadequate volume to maintain their skills even after learning to perform the surgery. The medical literature is fairly uniform in showing (a) no overall benefit to use of the robot over traditional open or laparoscopic techniques, and (b) actual detriment to patients during the surgeon’s daunting initial learning curve. Recently, new concerns have arisen concerning a mechanical defect that leads to unintended (and often unobserved) burns of organ tissue.
Intuitive Surgical has been extraordinarily successful in keeping these claims from being heard by juries. Even so, on March 25, 2013, Friedman | Rubin and co-counsel Carol Johnston became the first legal team in the country to survive one of ISI’s motions for summary judgment. Below is a link to the brief Friedman | Rubin filed in Kitsap County Superior Court, which summarizes much of ISI’s aggressive and reckless conduct and explains the legal reasons for why ISI should be held liable for the injuries its reckless choices caused. The case was also the subject of a feature story by the New York Times.
Rick Friedman began his two year term as President of the Inner Circle of Advocates at the group’s 2013 annual meeting in Aspen, Colorado. The Inner Circle of Advocates is an invitation-only group of the top plaintiff lawyers in the United States. Since its inception in 1972, the Inner Circle’s mission has been to promote the highest standards of courtroom competence and the mutual fellowship and exchange of knowledge among outstanding trial lawyers. Membership is limited to 100 attorneys of exceptional qualifications who are respected among their peers and who are experienced and skillful in the handling of courtroom litigation. Rick stated, “It’s an honor to serve an organization of such exceptional attorneys who do so much to fight for injured people and hold individuals and corporations responsible for the harms they cause.”
A Kitsap County jury awarded $565,000 today to two Kitsap County women who brought claims of sexual harassment against their former employer, Star Westsound, LLC, operator of the now closed Bremerton Lanes & Casino. The women alleged that a manager at Bremerton Lanes, Roy Pierce, engaged in sexual harassment over a period of years directed at numerous female employees. Pierce was accused of propositioning female employees and having planted hidden cameras to spy on women as they changed clothes for work. Pierce is presently incarcerated after being convicted on child molestation, child pornography and voyeurism charges. There was evidence that other managers were aware of Pierce’s activities at Bremerton Lanes and did nothing to stop him. The principal owner of the corporate employer, Frank Evans, was present throughout the trial but did not testify.
Following five days of trial, the jury deliberated briefly on Tuesday and then through lunch on Wednesday, reaching their unanimous verdict just after two o’clock p.m. Their verdict holds the employer liable for sexual harassment in the workplace and awards damages for the emotional harm caused to the women involved.
The women’s attorneys expressed gratitude for the jury’s award. "This jury recognized that although my clients were young and poor, they deserved fair treatment and respect,” said Henry Jones of Friedman | Rubin in Bremerton. “This jury did both in protecting these young working women." Terry Venneberg of Gig Harbor, Washington, who also represented the women, noted the significance of the verdict, saying, “The jury spoke loud and clear in this case, making plain with their verdict that sexual harassment in the workplace will not be tolerated in our community.”
The Washington State Association for Justice (WSAJ) presented Rick Friedman with the Tom Chambers Trial Lawyer of the Year award. Retired Washington State Supreme Court Justice Tom Chambers says Friedman exemplifies the long tradition of this award, recognizing those whose skills and dedication use the courtroom to level the playing field and provide equal justice for all. Not only has Friedman time and time again represented the little guy in groundbreaking litigation, but he also shares, teaches and brings honor to all Trial Lawyers.
The Trial Lawyer of the Year Award reads: In recognition of your remarkable talent as a trial lawyer, your commitment to advancing the art of trial advocacy, and your selfless dedication to helping your fellow trial lawyers.
Estate of Murphy v. Seven Crown Resorts and Westerbeke Corporation, 10-A-612210-C, District Court for Clark County, Nevada (Las Vegas).
11 year old Joshua Murphy was playing on a raft beside the houseboat his family rented for a vacation on Lake Mead. A few minutes after answering his father’s request that it was time to come in for dinner, Josh was found floating face down in the water. Joshua had been overcome [or rendered unconscious] by carbon monoxide from the houseboat’s generator which was exhausted to the side of the houseboat at the water level. Houseboat generators are used to power air conditioners and other appliances. Unlike modern cars, marine generators typically emit very high concentrations of deadly carbon monoxide. According to some estimates, this type of generator produces as much Carbon monoxide as 300 automobiles, causing potentially deadly conditions even outdoors.
The danger of houseboat generator exhaust has been well established over the past 15 years, and solutions have been designed to reduce the risk to passengers on and around houseboats. The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has repeatedly recommended venting houseboat generator exhaust through a vertical stack above the upper decks, as “a viable, low-cost, engineering control that will dramatically improve the safety of houseboat users.”
According to a 2003 article published by the Society of Automotive Engineers (“SAE”), “[a]ll organizations concerned with boating safety should immediately endorse the vertical stack, as evaluated in this study and by NIOSH, as the only technique which provides adequate protection against carbon monoxide poisonings associated with houseboat gasoline generator exhaust.”
Manufacturers have also developed “low CO” generators, that reduce carbon monoxide from gasoline generators by more than 99%.
The owner of the rental houseboats that the Murphy family was on, however, had installed neither of these safety features.
A lawsuit was brought by Joshua’s mother against the houseboat rental company and the manufacturer of the generator. The case was settled for a confidential amount one week before the scheduled start of trial.
Mrs. Murphy was represented by Las Vegas Attorney Sam Harding, and Ken Friedman, William Cummings and Donna McCready of Friedman|Rubin. Following settlement, Joshua's mother and attorneys honored Joshua's memory by placing advertisements warning of the danger of houseboat exhaust. To see an example advertisment, click here.
Friedman | Rubin partner Donna McCready has accepted appointment as a Magistrate Judge in the Alaska Court system. The Honorable Donna McCready's chambers are located at 825 W. 4th Avenue, Anchorage, Alaska 99501-2004, (907) 264-0439.
In 2008, a jury returned a verdict in favor of the families of two women killed in the collapse of a building in the 2003 San Simeon Earthquake, saying the building owners were negligent in failing to reinforce it. The owners of this building, which housed several retail shops in the town of Paso Robles, California had received an engineering report that the building was unsound, and would be dangerous in an earthquake. The report recommended that retrofitting work be done to ensure the safety of customers and workers in the shops, but the owners did not follow the recommendations.
Jennifer Myrick, 20, and Marilyn Frost-Zafuto, 55, died while trying to flee a dress shop in the unreinforced building during a magnitude-6.5 quake. In finding for the plaintiffs, the jury decided that the property owners were responsible for the building and were negligent in its maintenance and operation. Following the verdict, the parents of Jennifer Myrick said they hoped it would set an example for other owners of unreinforced buildings. Indeed, the extraordinary verdict is believed to be the first case in California holding a building owner liable for personal injuries sustained in an earthquake. There was significant publicity following the verdict and successful appeal. See, 185 Cal.App.4th 1082 (June 2010).
The Myricks have worked tirelessly to tighten legislation regarding such structures. Their efforts led to the passage of the Jennifer Lynn Myrick Memorial Law or "Jenna's Law" requiring owners of unreinforced masonry structures to post warning notices. Their legal and legislative efforts have encouraged California building owners and their insurers to be proactive in retrofitting dangerous masonry structures in earthquake zones throughout California and beyond.
Rick Friedman and Friedman | Rubin had the honor of representing the Myrick family and bringing about positive change in California. Much to the firm's surprise, the Myrick family has honored us with the presentation of the "Jennifer Myrick 2012 Justice Advocacy Award" and a testimonial letter:
We sincerely thank the Myrick family for this tribute.
Having awarded $14 Million in compensatory damages to a Nevada couple on Monday, a Clark County jury added $90 Million in punitive damages today.
Friedman | Rubin's clients, Michael and Josephine Washington, a 71 year old retired U.S. Air Force mechanic and his devoted wife, were each awarded $7 million for his contracting Hepatitis C at a Las Vegas endoscopy clinic and for her resulting loss of consortium. It was alleged that the defendants, Teva Parenteral Medicines Inc. (Teva), a division of the largest generic drug manufacturer in the world, and its distributer Baxter Healthcare Corp. (Baxter), had recklessly marketed Propofol, a drug used to sedate patients for surgical procedures. Internal documents and company filings with the FDA showed that the companies knew the larger vial sizes of 50 and 100 mL of Propofol were often mistaken by health care practitioners as multi-dose vials and that multi-dosing from these vials carried a extraordinary risk of spreading disease from patient to patient due to the drug's unique properties. Recognizing there were safer, practical alternatives to the larger vials, Teva and Baxter nevertheless steered its marketing toward 50 and 100 mL vials, discontinuing less profitable, but safer, alternatives. Teva and Baxter even encouraged misuse by distributing Propofol with a multi-dose spike. Over the years, reports of multi-dosing and the spread of disease from these large vials continued, but Teva and Baxter did nothing to address the problem, despite agreement in the medical community that multi-dosing from large vials was to blame. Compounding the problem, Baxter largely discontinued its force of sales reps and the direct doctor consultations regarding safety that they provided in favor of more profitable direct marketing over the internet.
In 2007, a large outbreak of Hepatitis C occurred in Las Vegas, which health authorities traced to the multi-dosing of Propofol at two endoscopy clinics. Over 50,000 people were placed at risk, and over 100 contracted Hepatitis C including Michael Washington.
At trial, Teva and Baxter insisted that they had no responsibility beyond labeling the vials "single use only." They contended that the healthcare practitioners at the now defunct Las Vegas clinics were entirely to blame. However, as Rick Friedman argued to the jury, the label was simply not big enough to hide their reckless decisions. Both companies were well aware that endoscopy centers had a propensity to multi-dose and had no need for vials over 20 mL. Both companies could have easily avoided harm simply by limiting sales to endoscopy clinics to 20 mL vials or less. Teva could have continued to produce smaller safer vials and prepackaged syringes. Choosing profits over patient safety was the wrong choice, as the jury's verdict made clear. The jury ordered Teva to pay punitive damages of $60 Million and Baxter, which no longer distributes Propofol, was ordered to pay $30 Million. This award was # 7 in the Top Ten Jury Verdicts for 2011. We believe it also influenced a change in
Washington v. Endoscopy Center of Southern Nevada LLC, 07A572224, District Court for Clark County, Nevada (Las Vegas). Plaintiff's trial team was led by Rick Friedman, and included Lincoln Sieler and William Cummings, all of Friedman | Rubin, and also Nevada co-counsel Patti Wise of Edward M. Bernstein and Associates and Matt Sharp.
The firm is proud to employ spouses of active duty members of the U.S. Military as well as former servicemen and women. These employees bring many positive attributes to their roles at Friedman | Rubin.
The firm is also proud to support two charities that help military families:
The Fisher House at Joint Base Lewis-McChord provides military members and their families a comfortable, nurturing and secure environment while they receive medical care at Madigan Army Medical Center.
The Navy-Marine Corps Relief Society provides financial, educational and other assistance to members of the U.S. Navy and Marines and their families, including:
We recommend these charities to our clients and business partners. Please click the links above to learn how you can help. Thank you!
An Alaska Superior Court Judge ruled from the bench today that a settling defendant could not demand indemnification by Plaintiff's counsel of Medicare Set-Aside Allocations intended to cover a claimant's future Medicare qualified medical expenses. Friedman | Rubin Partner Donna McCready had argued that such indemnification was an additional term not agreed to at the time of settlement and that it was unethical for Plaintiffs’ counsel to agree to indemnify defendant (and unethical for defendant to request Plaintiffs’ counsel to enter into such an agreement), citing a growing list of ethics opinions from around the country. Donna's briefs with attached opinions are linked here (Response, Reply) for the benefit of other attorneys faced with similar unethical demands from insurers or settling defendants.
On behalf of the firm, Rick Friedman is pleased to announce that two experienced Seattle attorneys, Richard Dykstra (formerly of Stafford , Frey & Cooper) and Lincoln Sieler (formerly of Mosler, Schermer, Jacobs & Sieler) have joined Friedman | Rubin at its new Seattle office location.
Friedman | Rubin® Offices now include:
51 University Street, Suite 201
Seattle, WA 98101
1126 Highland Avenue
Bremerton, WA 98337
1227 W. 9th Avenue
Anchorage, AK 99501
Mr. Sieler's practice emphasizes catastrophic personal injury, wrongful death, insurance bad faith and insurance coverage. Lincoln is a past chair of the Insurance Law Section of the Washington State Association for Justice.
Mr. Dykstra’s practice is focused on issues of insurance coverage and insurance claims handling. He has been involved in many of the noteworthy Washington cases that established the standards for coverage determinations and insurance company conduct.
Friedman | Rubin (www.friedmanrubin.com) is a dedicated joint venture litigation firm, focused on bringing civil cases to trial and maximizing recovery for our clients and co-counsel nationwide.
Following a skiing accident in March of 1995 and orthopedic surgery in 1996, Dr. Stephen J. August found himself unable to perform as an eye surgeon due to a loss of proprioception in his hands. He had no choice but to wind down and close his medical practice. Fortunately, he had maintained disability insurance since 1980 that would replace at least a portion of his lost earnings. Moreover, his policy with Provident Health & Life Insurance Co. (a Unum Group company) provided for lifetime benefits if the disability was caused by an accident, but only until age 65 if due to sickness or disease.
In January of 1997 Dr. August submitted his claim to Provident, indicating on his claim forms that his disability was caused by the ski accident. The surgeon who operated on Dr. August also submitted forms certifying the ski accident as the cause of disability. Following an investigation into the accident claim and the extent of his disability, the company began paying full benefits without any reservation of rights or any assertion that the company had only accepted the claim based on the sickness provision of the policy. Benefits were paid for the next ten years, largely without incident. However, as Dr. August approached his 65th birthday, the company asserted, without explanation, that his benefits were ending at age 65. When Dr. August pressed the company for an explanation, the Unum adjuster explained that his claim had been "administered under the sickness provision" of his policy (even though he was never told of this) and that therefore benefits would terminate at age 65. When Dr. August protested that his disability was caused by an accident, the company promptly lined up its in-house doctor, Joel W. Saks, M.D., to opine that Dr. August's condition was in fact caused by sickness rather than accident. When Dr. August appealed the initial denial, the company brought in two more in-house doctors, Charles Sternbergh, M.D. and Richard Tyler, M.D., to support Dr. Sak's opinion. Dr. August's benefits were terminated on his 65th birthday.
Dr. August went in search of experienced legal counsel and was referred to Friedman | Rubin. On March 23, 2009, the firm brought suit on behalf of Dr. August in U.S. District for the Central District of California alleging breach of contract and bad faith, seeking policy benefits, general and punitive damages. Following more than a year of intense discovery, FR moved for summary judgment on the contract claim contending that Provident and Unum should be estopped from asserting a "sickness" defense given their ten year silence and payment of benefits without any reservation or qualification. The District Court, Dolly M. Gee presiding, granted the motion, issuing a strongly worded 22-page opinion concluding as follows:
It is undisputed in this case that Defendants failed to promptly provide information to Plaintiff necessary for him to protect his right to bargained-for benefits under the Policy. To allow Defendants now to defend against Plaintiffs breach of contract claim on the basis of their 2007 sickness determination would be "intolerably unfair" in light of their more than ten-year silence. For ten years, Plaintiff reasonably believed that Defendants accepted his claim, which he submitted on the basis of an accident, and was not notified by Defendants of any reason to believe otherwise.
[E]ven when viewing the evidence in the light most favorable to Defendants, the Court finds incontrovertible evidence that Defendants' dilatory conduct caused Plaintiff to suffer a disadvantage and that Defendants should not be permitted to exploit the disadvantage they inflicted on Plaintiff.
August v. Provident Life & Acc. Ins. Co., CV09-01951 DMG SHX, ___F.Supp.___, 2011 WL 1097461 (C.D. Cal. Mar. 23, 2011).
Following the Court's decision, Dr. August's benefits have been reinstated. More importantly, with breach of contract established as a matter of law, the issues for the upcoming jury trial have been narrowed to consideration of the insurer's bad faith, compensatory and punitive damages. The Federal Court decision also has important implications for other Provident and Unum policyholders with similar accident/sickness provisions in their policies. The decision establishes that insurers may not secretly administer a claim under the sickness provision, nor may they seek to determine that issue long after an accident claim is submitted.Back to Top
After he was severely injured in a motorcycle accident, David Benson received a demand from his health insurer, Providence Health & Services ("Providence"), for 100% of any settlement he obtained from the other driver to reimburse itself for health benefits it paid to cover David's hospitalization and medical treatment. Given the small liability policy carried by the other driver, David would have received nothing for his lost wages, pain and suffering or disability. While Washington law requires an injured party to be "made whole" before an insurer can demand any reimbursement, Providence argued that Washington law did not apply because David's health coverage was provided as an employee benefit through his wife's job at Providence Hospital and Providence had elected to be governed by ERISA, a Federal law which supersedes many state laws protecting workers and insureds.
David's attorney, David Dawson, resisted Providence's demand relying on US District Judge Ronald B. Leighton's holding in Rinehart v. Life Insurance Company of America, obtained by FR's Ken Friedman and Lincoln Sieler. In April, 2009, Judge Leighton had held that Providence’s health plan was an ERISA exempt "church plan". Providence countered that despite the Rinehart decision, which it claimed was wrongly decided, its health plan was governed by ERISA because it had since formally elected to be governed by ERISA and further argued that its election operated retroactively. Providence then challenged David's attorney to have his case be the one to test Judge Leighton's holding in Rinehart. David's attorney contacted FR attorneys Ken Friedman and Lincoln Sieler, who happily accepted Providence's challenge.
After an initial adverse ruling in King County Superior Court, Providence removed the case to Federal Court to press its ERISA argument. On November 30, 2010, after more than a year of litigation, US District Court Judge Thomas S. Zilly ruled in David’s favor finding that the employee welfare plan sponsored by Providence was indeed a "church plan", that Providence did not elect to have the plan governed by ERISA until after David’s claims against it arose, and that Providence’s ERISA election did not operate retroactively. Judge Zilly concluded:
The defendants in this case come before the Court with a two-strike count. On two previous occasions, the applicability of ERISA’s church plan exemption to PN 501 has been decided against the defendants. Judge Leighton called the first strike in Rinehart, 2009 WL 995715 at *3, holding that PN 501 was a church plan. Although not parties in that action, the defendants were “at-bat.” Prior to removal in this case, State Superior Court Judge Doyle called the second strike. See King County Superior Court Cause No. 09-2-35792-7 SEA. Benson has delivered the third pitch, arguing that ERISA does not apply because PN 501 is a church plan. For the reasons set forth above, the Court agrees. Strike three! ERISA does not apply and the defendants have failed to meet their burden to show that this Court has subject matter jurisdiction on removal. (Emphasis added).
Judge Zilly's ruling permits the lawsuit to return to King County Superior Court, where FR will ask the court to certify Mr. Benson’s lawsuit as a class action for the benefit of all persons from whom Providence wrongfully received reimbursement. To read Judge Zilly's entire opinion click here.
This decision has important implications for employees with prior injury claims at all facilities run by Providence. Plan members generally include employees, spouses and dependents of any Providence entity. Providence Health & Services was founded and continues to be sponsored by the Sisters of Providence, a religious order of the Catholic Church. It includes 26 hospitals, more than 35 non-acute facilities, physician clinics, a health plan, a liberal arts university and a high school. It includes approximately 45,000 employees. The system office is located in Seattle, Washington.
A Snohomish County Superior Court Judge today awarded $530,000 today to Terry Buholm, a fourth generation fisherman turned commercial painter. Mr. Buholm, was 42 years old and married with young children, when he was injured in a rear-end collision. The accident caused an L2-3 herniation, which required a subsequent laminectomy surgery.
Lincoln Sieler, of Friedman | Rubin's Seattle office, and Joe Cunnane of Edmonds, Washington, tried the case after Safeco refused to tender its insureds’ $280,000 policy limits to settle Mr. Buholm’s claims. Safeco’s top settlement offer prior to trial was $97,000. Because Safeco failed to adequately protect its insureds from an excess verdict, it was required to pay the full amount of the judge’s award.
A Denver federal court jury today concluded that Continental Western Insurance Company breached its obligations under the insurance policy and acted in bad faith when it failed to timely pay benefits following a fire which destroyed a grain elevator and feed mill in Johnstown, Colorado in 2005. The owners, Wayne and Rhonda Spreng, were unable to rebuild due to delaying tactics used by the insurance company that also provided coverage to welders who had accidentally started the fire. The evidence demonstrated that Continental Western put its own financial interests ahead of its policy-holders when it withheld payment to the Sprengs. The jury awarded $3.5 Million dollars in compensatory damages and Continental Western may also be required to pay up to $1.5 Million in interest on the award as well as court costs.Back to Top
A federal court jury today concluded that Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Company breached its contractual obligation to pay disability benefits to a Tacoma dentist, Dr. Richard Koch, who had paid premiums for more than 14 years. Although Northwestern Mutual admitted that Dr. Koch was totally disabled from his profession due to a condition that affects vision known as bilateral vestibular hypofunction, the company refused to pay Dr. Koch disability benefits alleging that he had failed to disclose an unrelated health condition in his application in 1994. The jury rejected Northwestern Mutual's contentions, finding that the company had not proven it was entitled to rescind Dr. Koch's policy and further finding that the company had breached the contract of insurance.
As a result of the jury's verdict Northwestern Mutual is obligated to reinstate Dr. Koch's benefits and may be required to pay his attorney fees and court costs.
Dr. Koch was represented by Ken Friedman of Friedman | Rubin.
A Jefferson County jury awarded just under $3.1 Million today to Friedman | Rubin's client, a Conifer, Colorado man injured in an August 24, 2008, rear-end collision. Scott Martin, the married father of five, was stopped on Highway 285 waiting for traffic to clear to make a lawful left turn when a vehicle struck him from behind. It was undisputed that the other vehicle was traveling an estimated 60 miles per hour and that the other driver's negligence caused the accident.
Martin suffered what was characterized as a "mild" brain injury, but among other deficits, he was no longer able to handle work dispatching trucking cargoes as he had in the past. His attorneys, Rick Friedman of Bremerton, Washington, and Richard Kaudy of Denver, tried the case after failing to resolve the case with Allstate Insurance Company, which insured the other driver. The issues decided by the jury were the seriousness of Scott Martin’s brain injury and the amount of damages needed to compensate him.
The multi-million dollar award is one of the biggest personal injury verdicts ever recorded in Jefferson County, Colorado. The attorneys expressed gratitude for the jury’s award. "This verdict vindicates Jefferson County values of thrift, hard work and family values," Kaudy said, adding that "the jury worked hard to protect this working family from suffering undeserved economic hardship." According to judicial observer James Chalat, the verdict stands as the largest personal injury verdict in Jefferson County.
The Martin family, some of whom are shown in this pre-injury photo with Scott Martin (Trial Exhibit 21), are very thankful.
The Arizona Court of Appeals issued a landmark decision today, agreeing with FR on every issue presented for review. The decision in Mendoza v. McDonald's Corp., addresses important issues that arise in almost every bad faith case involving the delay or denial of a workers compensation claim. These issues include: 1) the scope of damages available; 2) implied waiver of privilege when defense counsel influence claims decisions; 3) respondeat superior liability of insurer for defense counsel misconduct; and 4) the preclusive effect given to compensability determinations made in administrative proceedings.
To see a copy of the Court of Appeals' decision, click here.
A Jefferson County jury awarded $3.8 Million to a Paducah woman for an insurer's unreasonable delay in settling her medical malpractice claim against a doctor who had performed an unorthodox surgical procedure he described as a "modified abdominoplasty" at Lourdes Hospital in July of 2003. The surgery on Deborah Daniels, a respiratory therapist, resulted in life-threatening complications requiring multiple and extended hospital stays. She brought suit against the surgeon, Dr. David Grimes, in June of 2004. By May of 2005 her doctor reported she would never be able to work again.
Although the insurer had information indicating that Dr. Grimes' liability for Daniels’ injuries was reasonably clear, American Physicians Assurance Corporation made no meaningful attempt to settle Daniels' claim until July and August of 2006. Even after their own board-certified medical consultant told them that Dr. Grimes surgery was “inexcusable and indefensible,” they continued to delay settlement efforts and offered only $75,000 to settle the case at a court ordered mediation. These delays left Daniels destitute and under severe financial stress. Ms. Daniels testified that the day of mediation made her feel like her entire life and 20 year career were worth nothing in the eyes of the insurer. The financial and emotional stress, and AP’s threat to void coverage, compelled her to settle her claim against Dr. Grimes for significantly less than the policy limit of $1 Million.
After settling the claim against the doctor, Daniels brought suit directly against American Physicians alleging that its delay in settling the claim and its refusal to pay a fair sum for her injuries violated the Kentucky Unfair Claims Settlement Practices Act. Her Louisville attorney, Hans Poppe, foresaw that he would need to be a witness at trial. Therefore he sought out attorneys specializing in "insurance bad faith" litigation. He hired the Friedman | Rubin firm with offices in Alaska and Washington. According to attorney Ken Friedman who tried the case, "AP Assurance said they did nothing wrong or unusual in this case and that every claim was handled in this same manner.” Friedman continued, “I don’t think they realized until the end of trial that it was their ‘business as usual’ tactics that were on trial in this case.” The jury heard evidence that the claims adjusters were given financial targets to pay less in claims to injured patients in 2006 and adjusters had goals to push more claims to trial rather than settlement. The jury awarded Daniels $350,000 compensatory damages and $3,479,277 in punitive damages. Friedman said “the jury deserves a lot of credit for analyzing a complicated set of facts and understanding what went wrong, and why. They also deserve credit for rendering a verdict that will send a message to all insurers in Kentucky that they have serious obligations to make a good faith effort to pay valid claims promptly and fairly.” The jury wanted the company to get the message -- the punitive award was the exact sum that the claims adjuster was told to cut from her block of claims in 2006.
On June 6, 2009, the LOUISVILLE COURIER JOURNAL ran an in-depth story on case. Click this link to read the story: Woman who sued doctor's insurer awarded $3.8 million
A King County jury awarded $5.86 Million to a Washington man injured in a head-on collision. FR’s client suffered a fractured leg, various contusions and a traumatic brain injury (TBI) causing him to remain in a coma for several days following the accident. The seriousness of plaintiff’s brain injury was the central issue in the claim.
Defendant’s vehicle was insured by PEMCO with a policy limit of $1.25 Million. Plaintiff made a policy limit demand at mediation but it was rejected by the insurer. At the same time, PEMCO assured its driver that in the event of an excess verdict, it would pay “any amount awarded.”
Plaintiff’s attorney, Ed Harper of Kirkland, recognized that PEMCO’s assurance to its driver meant that there was no cap on potential recovery. He asked Rick Friedman of Friedman | Rubin to join him for the trial.
Friedman recognized that the difficulty with the case was getting the jury to recognize the seriousness of the client's brain injury despite his retained intellectual capacity and communicative skills. At the same time, it was necessary to counter the defense strategy which sought to blame the client.
Friedman’s strategy was straightforward. In addition to the medical and psychological experts, the focus at trial would be the testimony of friends, family, and others, who could shed light on the client’s mental deficits. In-depth interviews of parents, friends and others revealed telling examples of the client's mental abilities before and after the accident. These stories supported the expert testimony indicating that while the client substantially retained his native intelligence, he now has great difficulty with memory, concentration, and multi-tasking.
Facing Harper and Friedman at trial caused PEMCO to re-evaluate its settlement position. Having previously rejected plaintiff’s $1.25 Million demand at mediation, PEMCO offered $2 Million as the trial got underway. As the trial proceeded, PEMCO upped its offer to $2.5 Million. These offers were considered but were allowed to expire as Harper and Friedman concentrated on delivering a better result. After a two week trial, the jury returned a fair verdict.
U.S. District Court Judge Ronald B. Leighton ruled today that FR's client, Edward Rinehart, an employee of Providence St. Peters Hospital, a division of Providence Health & Services (PH&S), is not subject to ERISA limitations which would have precluded his state law claims brought to seek redress for alleged mishandling of his disability claim by Life Insurance Company of North America.
Judge Leighton ruled that the long term disability (LTD) plan sponsored by PH&S is a "church plan" and that PH&S did not effectively elect to have the LTD Plan Governed by ERISA. This decision has important implications for employees with disabilities at all facilities run by PH&S.
PH&S was founded and continues to be sponsored by the Sisters of Providence, a religious order of the Catholic Church. PH&S includes 26 hospitals, more than 35 non-acute facilities, physician clinics, a health plan, a liberal arts university, a high school, approximately 45,000 employees and numerous other health, housing and educational services. The system office is located in Seattle, Washington.
The court's decision permits Mr. Rinehart to pursue his state law claims including breach of the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing. The decision will undoubtedly be relied upon by other LTD claimants with pending claims. To see a copy of the Judge Leighton's decision, click here.
The Washington Court of Appeals, Division 1, today affirmed the verdict in favor of two teenage bus passengers who had been attacked and beaten aboard a Metro bus by a group of youths in May of 2005. The December 6, 2007 jury verdict awarded in excess of $250,000 to plaintiffs Carmen Rollins, represented by Ken Friedman, and Will Hendershott, represented by Andy Schwarz. In its appeal, King County claimed that the victims were themselves to blame. The Court rejected this claim finding that no evidence supported this argument. To see a copy of the Court's decision click here.
From a legal perspective, the Court of Appeals decision made important clarifications to the doctrine of joint and several liability in Washington. Indeed, the appeal drew amicus briefs from the Washington Defense Trial Lawyers, the Washington Transit Insurance Pool, Pierce Transit, as well as the Washington Association for Justice (f/k/a Washington State Trial Lawyers Association). Thankfully, the Court of Appeals reached the correct decision. The victim's awards were affirmed and vexing legal uncertainties were finally put to rest.
The jury trial and resulting verdict were well covered by the SEATTLE TIMES in 2007. The story was featured on the front page during trial and after the verdict. It was also the subject of a lead editorial the week following the verdict. See the following links to the Seattle Times stories:
Story # 1: Beating on a bus: Driver didn't see or didn't act?
Story #2: Metro must pay victims of beating on bus
Editorial: Bad night on bus results in justice
Chief Judge Randal Valenciano of Hawaii’s Fifth Circuit Court (Kauai) today announced a verdict in favor of the plaintiff, Esmeralda Ordonez, following a September, 2008 trial. Ms. Ordonez, an elderly widow who lived in Venezuela, filed suit against Hawaii’s dominant workers compensation insurance carrier, Hawaii Employer's Mutual Insurance Co. (HEMIC). Ms. Ordonez alleged delays in payment of her survivor’s benefits after her daughter, Mayra Rodriquez, was fatally injured while working at Gay and Robinson Tours in 2005.
Mrs. Ordonez's attorneys presented evidence at trial that she lost virtually all her income when her daughter died. She was forced to survive on meager handouts from neighbors for over a year. Under the law, Mrs. Ordonez, as the sole surviving parent, was entitled to at least $48,000 in death benefits from HEMIC. HEMIC, however, delayed payment and forced the case to a hearing before an Administrative Law Judge, claiming that it wasn’t clear that the death was “compensable” under the statute. The Judge noted that HEMIC’s attorney had concluded in a matter of weeks that the claim was probably compensable, and acted without legal justification over the next 9 months when it refused to contact Mrs. Ordonez or offer her the benefits flowing from her daughter’s death.
Mrs. Ordonez eventually hired attorney David Robinson of the Honolulu firm of Robinson & Chur to pursue her claim. A year after her daughter’s death, a Hearing Examiner ruled that the claim was indeed work related and that the long overdue death benefits should be paid to Mrs. Ordonez. After payment was finally made, Robinson & Chur filed a civil lawsuit in Circuit Court alleging HEMIC acted in bad faith in seeking to avoid payment to Mrs. Ordonez. Plaintiff’s attorneys presented evidence at trial that the employer (G & R Tours) and the Insurance agent (Marsh USA) unsuccessfully tried to prod HEMIC into making payments after Ms. Rodriquez’s accident.
The Court awarded Mrs. Ordonez $75,000 in compensatory damages and $250,000 in punitive damages from HEMIC, finding that the insurer's conduct was motivated by a desire to avoid paying a legitimate claim. Judge Valenciano also stated that HEMIC’s conduct during the workers compensation claim was oppressive, willful, and in reckless disregard to the rights of the claimant.
Mrs. Ordonez was represented at trial by Ken Friedman, of Friedman | Rubin (Bremerton, WA) and Dan Chur of Robinson & Chur (Honolulu, HI). To see a copy of the Findings of Fact, Conclusions of Law and Judgment entered by the Court on April 9, 2009, click here.Back to Top
U.S. District Court Judge James C. Mahan in Las Vegas has affirmed $50 Million in damages awarded by a jury in June against Paul Revere and Unum Group in the partial retrial of a lawsuit first tried to verdict in 2004. In the 2004 trial, the first jury awarded $1.6 Million in compensatory damages and $10 Million in punitive damages to G. Clinton Merrick in connection with the insurers' denial of his disability claim. The insurers appealed and the punitive award was ultimately sent back for retrial before a new jury. Merrick v. Paul Revere Life Ins. Co., 500 F.3d 1007, C.A.9 (Nev.), 2007.
In the June retrial, the second jury ordered Paul Revere to pay $24 Million and Unum to pay $36 Million for a total award of $60 Million. Today’s decision by Judge Mahan, while reducing the punitive award to $50 Million, affirmed the jury’s findings that both insurance companies had engaged in improper claims practices designed to cheat people out of their disability benefits. Judge Mahan found that the insurers engaged in a scheme to deny claims of their disabled policyholders, they were motivated by profit at the expense of their disabled insureds, and they profited enormously, going “from a company with little financial flexibility to a company with over $8 billion dollars in total stockholder equity.” Judge Mahan concluded that “much of this accumulation in value came at the expense of Defendants’ policyholders.” Although Judge Mahan agreed with the jury’s findings that both companies acted reprehensively, he was required to reduce the jury verdict against Unum on constitutional grounds to $26 Million, bringing the total award to $50 Million.
“The jury heard evidence of a fifteen year scheme to cheat disabled people,” said Rick Friedman, Merrick’s lead trial attorney. “Jury after jury and regulator after regulator have condemned their practices, but still they continue to cheat people.” Friedman expressed gratitude at Judge Mahan’s decision saying, “Judge Mahan is a very conservative judge. He presided over two trials, listening to the evidence and studying the exhibits that documented breath-taking corporate misconduct.” According to Friedman, “Judge Mahan’s detailed decision reflects a firm grasp of the facts and the law that must be applied to those facts. Given the present state of the law, Judge Mahan had no choice but to reduce the award. However, we are gratified that he did so in a way that makes clear how strongly the law condemns cheating the disabled.”
To see a copy of the Judge Mahan's decision, click here. The decision has been formally published by West Publishing using the following citation: Merrick v. Paul Revere Life Ins. Co., 594 F.Supp.2d 1168 (2008).
In his third book, Becoming a Trial Lawyer, Rick Friedman addresses the inner barriers that prevent many trial lawyers from reaching their full potential. Combining practical advice with inspirational insights, he guides you on the journey every trial lawyer must take, from the struggle to gain trial experience to the search for happiness in a career fraught with conflict and frustration. While the book does discuss how Rick went from being a solo lawyer with no legal experience in a small town in Alaska, to one of the most acclaimed trial lawyers today, the book isn't an autobiography. It's about the steps you can take to develop your full potential as a trial lawyer.
The book is available from the publisher, Trial Guides. For ordering information and reviews, click here. It is the perfect gift for yourself—or for any other trial lawyer in your life.
A federal court jury in Las Vegas returned unanimous verdicts today against Paul Revere Life Insurance Company and UnumProvident Corporation (Unum Group) in the partial retrial of a lawsuit originally tried to verdict in 2004. In the 2004 trial, the jury awarded $1.6 Million in compensatory damages and $10 Million in punitive damages to G. Clinton Merrick in connection with the insurers' denial of his disability claim. The insurers appealed and the punitive award was ultimately sent back for retrial before a new jury. Merrick v. Paul Revere Life Ins. Co., 500 F.3d 1007, C.A.9 (Nev.), 2007.
In today’s verdicts, the jury ordered Paul Revere Life Insurance Co. to pay $24 Million and UnumProvident Corporation was ordered to pay $36 Million. The punitive award of $60 Million is six times the previous award that had been appealed by the insurers following the 2004 trial.
As vice president at General Foods in the 1970s, Merrick was instrumental in the development of the Kool-Aid Man and Country-Time Lemonade advertising campaigns and had thereafter become a successful venture capitalist. Merrick was a founder and managing director of Consumer Venture Partners of Greenwich, CT, and also a founding investor and director of Samuel Adams Brewing Co. He purchased a Paul Revere disability insurance policy in 1989. In 1991, Merrick began to suffer the affects of Lyme disease with chronic fatigue syndrome, though it went undiagnosed for a period of time. His work performance suffered and he tried to continue working. By 1994 he could not meet the grueling business travel and analytic requirements of a venture capitalist and he moved to Summerlin, NV, for his health. He put his insurer, Paul Revere on notice of claim in 1994 and filed his claim in 1995. Paul Revere accepted liability in 1995 and continued to pay benefits until December 1996. At that time, Paul Revere was in the process of being acquired by Provident Companies, Inc. which in 1999 became, UnumProvident Corp., which subsequently changed its name to Unum Group in 2007.
Merrick's lawyers alleged that improper claims handling practices begun at Provident were brought to Paul Revere and influenced its claim handling with respect to Merrick’s claim both before the initial denial and afterward. These practices at the Unum Group of disability insurers have been the subject of media scrutiny including exposés on 60 Minutes and Dateline NBC as well as in multiple governmental investigations. “The jury heard evidence of a fifteen year scheme to cheat disabled people,” said Rick Friedman, Merrick’s lead trial attorney. According to Friedman, “The verdicts will keep coming until their practices change.”
For further details, click on any underlined item above. This includes the prior 9th Circuit Opinion discussing the facts in detail, the actual jury verdicts against the respective defendants and the biographical information of plaintiff's lead trial counsel, Rick Friedman. To see the Judgment entered by the court on July 3, 2008, click here.
Merrick's attorneys included Rick Friedman, Jeff Rubin and James Hertz of Friedman | Rubin and Julie Mersch of Las Vegas.
In his acclaimed new book for trial lawyers, Polarizing the Case, Rick Friedman teaches you not to fear allegations or insinuations that your client is malingering or exaggerating injuries. Instead he provides, "a guidebook for wrapping the malingering defense around the neck of the defense lawyer and strangling him with it." The book is available from the publisher, Trial Guides. For ordering information and reviews, click here. To read the Introduction to this book and Rick's prior best selling book for lawyers, The Rules of the Road, click here.
The Alaska Bar Association presented Rick Friedman its prestigious 2008 Robert K. Hickerson Public Service Award. The award recognizes "outstanding dedication and service to the citizens of the State of Alaska in the provision of Pro Bono legal services." Past recipients included:
A jury awarded nearly $2 million in damages Monday for the families of two women killed in the collapse of a building in the 2003 San Simeon Earthquake, saying the building owners were negligent in failing to reinforce it. The verdict in the civil wrongful-death trial included an award for each for the surviving parents of Jennifer Myrick and for the surviving daughter and husband of Marilyn Frost-Zafuto.
Myrick, 20, and Frost-Zafuto, 55, died while trying to flee the historic Acorn Building in downtown Paso Robles during the magnitude-6.5 quake. In finding for the plaintiffs, the jury decided property owner Mary Mastagni and several trusts and businesses owned by her family were responsible for the 111-year-old Acorn Building and were negligent in its maintenance and operation.
The surviving family members attended nearly all of the two-month trial. All expressed satisfaction with the outcome. “It won’t ever bring my mother back or Jen; it won’t ever close that door for us,” Phillips said. “But the jurors have spoken, and there is accountability. That does give us the closure we were looking for.” Dennis Zafuto said the amount of money was not an issue to him, and he felt justice was served. “The price on someone’s life is impossible to determine,” he said. The Myricks said they hope the verdict will set an example for other owners of unreinforced buildings. The couple has worked to tighten legislation regarding such structures. “This has nothing to do with money,” Leroy Myrick said. “They could have given us $50 million, and it could never replace our daughter.”
Under state and local laws, the property owners had until 2018 to renovate the building for seismic safety. This fact came up frequently during trial and during the protracted jury deliberations. According to Plaintiff's attorney, Rick Friedman, the biggest hurdle in the case was overcoming the owners' claim that they were reasonable in postponing needed retrofitting. "The owners had notice of the danger and ignored it for years, therefore they bore a measure of responsibility." According to Friedman, the jury's decision will motivate building owners to make needed repairs sooner rather than later. "Unreinforced masonry buildings in earthquake prone areas are an invitation to disaster."
The state of Alaska has agreed to pay FR clients $2.4 million to settle a civil lawsuit that claimed the state failed to protect two boys who were abused and neglected in state foster care. The settlement comes after several days of disturbing testimony in a case that scrutinized the actions of the state agency. Over the boys' childhood, the state received about 40 reports of abuse or neglect. Almost all were mishandled. The worst incident happened in 1999 when the boys saw their foster mother kill another child and the boys were forced to help cover up the crime.
The $2.4 million is in addition to a settlement already paid by the state to the family of the child killed. The money is not enough to make things right for the boys, their lawyers said. Their childhoods were lost. Their ability to hold jobs and live on their own is questionable. They both are emotionally shattered. But advocates for A.J. and D.D., now 17 and 18, agreed to accept the money because the state threatened to tie up any jury award with years of appeals, said Ken Friedman, an attorney based in Bremerton, Wash., for Friedman | Rubin. "Frankly they can't wait years. They are about to turn 18 and 19 and they need the money to get on with their lives," Friedman said.
Anchorage Superior Court Judge Sharon Gleason approved the settlement, which will be paid in two weeks. Plaintiffs were represented by Ken Friedman of FR and Chris Schleuss of Anchorage.Back to Top
On December 11, 2007, financial services firm Morgan Stanley agreed to settle claims of gender discrimination and defamation made by a former Financial Advisor in its Tacoma Branch for payment of $750,000. Deborah Dodson, who had worked as a Financial Advisor for Morgan Stanley from 1996 to 2005, filed suit in 2006 alleging that she was denied a lucrative joint production agreement with a senior advisor when the partnership was given to a less experienced and less qualified male broker in the office. Ms. Dodson’s suit also alleged that when she left Morgan Stanley, the broker who was able to enter into the joint production agreement called many of her clients in an attempt to retain their business and falsely claimed that Ms. Dodson had been fired for poor sales, and that she had been “overcharging” her clients.
In pleadings before the court, Ms. Dodson alleged that she was denied the partnership in part because of the social relationship between the Manager of the Tacoma Branch and the male broker who received the partnership, and what was described to her as the "good old boy" way of doing business.
Ms. Dodson, who now works as a financial advisor at H & R Block FA, hailed the settlement. “The Tacoma Morgan Stanley branch has been dysfunctional for years, and a very unpleasant place for female brokers. I hope this settlement is a recognition by the Company of the problem and I hope there will be a commitment to address the issues.”
The case originated when Ms. Dodson filed a complaint with the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission in August of 2004. After an investigation, the EEOC found reasonable cause to believe that Morgan Stanley’s policy of allowing established financial advisors to subjectively choose partners for lucrative agreements resulted in Dodson being unlawfully denied such a partnership in November of 2003 because of her sex.
Ms. Dodson was represented by attorneys Terry Venneberg and Ken Friedman, both of Bremerton. According to Venneberg, “Discrimination based on gender has unfortunately been a serious problem for many years in the financial services industry. It is our hope that this settlement, which follows on the heels on several settlements of class action lawsuits for gender discrimination against Morgan Stanley, will help rid the industry of unlawful discrimination, and give women the opportunity to succeed in what has traditionally been a male-dominated business.”
Trial was scheduled to begin December 17, 2007.
Further information: Terry Venneberg 360-377-3566
Ken Friedman 360-782-4300
King County Metro was negligent when a bus driver took no action while two teenage riders were attacked and beaten aboard a bus by a group of youths, a jury ruled Thursday. The Superior Court jury voted to award in excess of $250,000 to plaintiffs Carmen Rollins, represented by Ken Friedman, and Will Hendershott, represented by Andy Schwarz.
After the verdict was read, Rollins, now 20, sobbed in the arms of her father. "I really do hope this helps promote bus safety," she said.
Attorneys for King County had argued that the driver behind the wheel of the Rainier Valley-bound No. 7 did not see the assaults on the articulated bus on May 22, 2005. However, while the driver testified that he did not see the beating, his trial testimony was inconsistent with the report he filled out the night of the incident and his testimonial account was disputed by witnesses from the bus.
Ken Friedman argued that the driver was to blame. "The driver could have called for backup or advice when he saw the rowdy group trying to board. He could have called for police help once the beatings began. He has an emergency button that he can press and police would have come at once. Instead, he did nothing."
Rollins and Hendershott were both 17 and dating at the time. They boarded the bus just after midnight with another friend. Rollins had just gotten off work at a movie theater. She noticed a raucous group waiting as the bus approached the Rainier Avenue-Alaska Street stop. The driver stopped and the group, described by the plaintiffs as about 30 male and female youths shouting profanities and exchanging punches, boarded the bus.
According to testimony, one of the men moved next to Rollins and caressed her leg, then others, including one who said he had a gun. They then began calling the couple names. Just before the bus made its next stop at South Graham Street, Rollins testified, the group "jumped" her and her boyfriend, threatening to rape her, and punched both of them in the face. The assault continued as the bus traveled through downtown Seattle. When the bus finally stopped, the driver opened all the doors and the group dragged the couple out through the rear door. The beatings continued just outside the bus until the couple's friend called 911 from a cell phone, and the bus drove away. When police arrived (only two minutes after the call) the bus had already left the stop. The assailants also were gone. No one was ever arrested.
The jury trial and resulting verdict were well covered by the SEATTLE TIMES. The story was reported by Natalie Singer and was featured on the front page during trial and after the verdict. It was also the subject of a lead editorial the week following the verdict. See the following links to the Seattle Times stories:
Story # 1: Beating on a bus: Driver didn't see or didn't act?
Story #2: Metro must pay victims of beating on bus
Editorial: Bad night on bus results in justice
In 2004, FR obtained an $11.6 million verdict against UnumProvident and Paul Revere on behalf of Clinton Merrick, a disabled venture capitalist. Merrick submitted his disability claim in 1995 after testing at the Mayo Clinic revealed a diagnosis of chronic fatigue syndrome, an illness that prevented him from performing his duties. After paying benefits for a year, Paul Revere stopped paying the claim asserting "lack of objective medical evidence" in 1996. At the time of benefit termination, Paul Revere was being acquired by UnumProvident which had begun imposing its claims handling philosophy on Paul Revere even before the acquisition was complete.
The jury found that neither company had any reasonable basis to deny Merrick's claim and returned a verdict for Merrick, awarding him $1,147,355 in unpaid benefits and $500,000 for mental and emotional distress, to be paid by the insurers jointly and severally. The jury also imposed $2,000,000 in punitive damages on Paul Revere and $8,000,000 on Unum Provident.
The Ninth Circuit's August 31, 2007 decision, Merrick v. Paul Revere Life Ins. Co. , (No. 05-16380), affirmed the jury's award of compensatory damages and the trial court's finding that the insurance companies had withheld documents in violation of prior court orders. The Court found that the evidence was more than sufficient to support the jury’s bad faith verdict and that the insurers should be liable for punitive damages. The Court pointedly noted that the it had "previously found that these defendants’ improper claim-scrubbing supports a finding of bad faith claim denial," citing Hangarter v. Provident Life and Accident Ins. Co., 373 F.3d 998, 1010-11 (9th Cir. 2004). However, due to changes mandated by the U.S. Supreme Court's recent decision in Philip Morris USA v. Williams, 127 S. Ct. 1057, 1063 (2007), the Court found that a new trial is necessary to determine the amount of punitive damages to be assessed against these companies.
With the Court's decision, Merrick will now be able to collect the underlying compensatory award plus interest ($2.3M). The parties will return to Las Vegas and another jury will be empanelled to decide solely the amount of punitive damages to be paid by Paul Revere and UnumProvident. With all of the other issues already decided in Merrick's favor, the focus of that trial will be on the reprehensible claims handling philosophy employed by these companies that have come to dominate the disability insurance industry. FR is confident that a significantly larger punitive damage award can be obtained in the retrial.
A Clark County jury returned a verdict of $700,000 against the owner of a dump truck that pulled out in front of a woman driving an automobile. While her overt physical injuries, cervical strain and contusions, largely resolved with time, she continued to experience chronic headache, post traumatic stress, depression and personality changes. It was eventually determined that she had suffered a closed-head, mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). Testimony of family members and co-workers regarding changes in her personality and abilities was important in obtaining this substantial verdict.
In a case involving the loss of minors' assets which were sought to be protected by the appointment of a professional conservator, Ken Friedman of Friedman | Rubin and Chris Schluess of Anchorage successfully recovered $610,000 on behalf of two children who's father died with a life insurance policy earmarked for them. Two trusts were set up in 1995. The grandparents were named the co-conservators of the children and co-trustees of the trusts. In July of 1999, Professional Guardian Services (PGSC) was appointed as conservator and trustee because the grandmother was deemed unstable. PGSC never took control of the funds. By June of 2001, the grandmother had depleted the accounts of approximately $200,000.
During the course of discovery in the case, Plaintiffs learned that David Schade, President of Professional Guardian Services, failed to file an inventory of the children's assets within 90 days as required by Alaska law, or file the required annual reports. Plaintiffs argued that PGSC's and Schade's failure to realize that the bank accounts were not protected, together with other violations of its fiduciary duties, amounted to a gross deviation from its obligations to the children and thus justified economic, non-economic, and punitive damages. PGSC filed a third party complaint against First National Bank, which contributed to the settlement. Ken Friedman of Friedman | Rubin and Chris Schleuss of Anchorage, Alaska, represented the plaintiffs. .Back to Top
A Macomb County jury returned a verdict of $3.3 million against State Farm Insurance Company today for denying insurance benefits to a Harrison Township woman.
Pat Paquette, 60, has been caring for her son Richard, since 1985 when he suffered severe brain injuries in a automobile accident. She is required to provide 24-hour care to help keep him alive. Michigan law requires insurers to pay family members who care for catastrophically injured policyholders. The jury found that State Farm failed to inform Pat Paquette of these benefits or fully pay them. The jury also found State Farm had violated the Michigan Consumer Protection Act by failing to make prompt, fair and equitable settlement on the claim.
"Many families don't know that they are entitled to be paid by their insurance company for caring for injured loved ones," said Paul Zebrowski, Paquette's Michigan attorney. "State Farm relies upon this lack of knowledge to withhold benefits their policyholders have paid for."
As he has in the past, Zebrowski teamed up with Rick Friedman for the trial of the case. The combination of Zebrowski's expertise in Michigan attendant care litigation and Rick Friedman's proven trial experience, made for a good team and another outstanding result.
Zebrowski believes this may be the largest attendant care jury verdict in the state's history. In addition to the $3.3 million award, State Farm may be required to pay attorney fees, costs and must continue to pay Pat Paquette full attendant-care benefits in the future. To see a copy of the jury's verdict, click here. To read local media accounts, click here.
The National Education Association and its Alaska affiliate have agreed to pay $750,000 to settle claims of gender discrimination and harassment brought by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission on behalf of three female employees of the teachers' union. Carol Christopher, Carmela Chamara and Julie Bhend filed complaints alleging that their supervisor, Thomas Harvey, who was then Interim Assistant Executive Director of NEA-Alaska, engaged in abusive behavior towards them because of their gender, including screaming, yelling and physically threatening actions. In September 2005, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals reinstated the claims brought by the women, which had been dismissed in 2003 by U.S. District Court Judge James K. Singleton. The Ninth Circuit held that, because the female plaintiffs had presented evidence that they were treated differently than the men in the workplace, the lawsuit under Title VII could go forward. 422 F.3d 840 (9th Cir. 2005)
As the Ninth Circuit noted, the record in the case revealed "numerous episodes of Harvey shouting in a loud and hostile manner at female employees. The shouting was frequent, profane and often public." In addition to the "shouting" and "yelling" described by the appellate court, it was recognized that "Harvey's verbal conduct also had a hostile physical accompaniment."
Christopher testified that Harvey regularly came up behind her silently as she was working, stood over her, and watched her for no apparent reason. Bhend testified that at an evaluation meeting where Harvey accused her of taking breaks with Christopher and another employee in order to talk behind his back, Harvey "lung [ed] across the table" at her and shook his fist at her. She also testified that on another occasion when she was comforting a local union president about an unrelated matter, Harvey came up behind her, grabbed her shoulders, and yelled "get back to your office." Chamara testified that in one instance, Harvey "pump[ed] his fist in [her] direction, trying to make a point, as was his custom. Stepping toward me to make the--make the point. I stepped back. I told him that he was being physically threatening." She went so far as to call the police and file a report on one occasion, on her therapist's advice that she document physical threats. The physical manifestation of Harvey's anger was also confirmed by other witnesses, including male employees. For example, Jeff Cloutier, another UniServ director, testified to Harvey's regular invasion of Christopher's and Bhend's "personal space."
One of the women testified to being in a "state of panic" as a result of Harvey's behavior, and to feeling "physically threatened most of the time." Another testified that Harvey created an atmosphere that was "like working with a ticking time bomb because you're sitting by and you're waiting for your turn to be next."
During the discovery phase of the case, NEA-Alaska claimed that Harvey raised his voice in the workplace because of a problem with his hearing, however there was never any evidence offered by the defendants documenting such a problem. Nor was there any explanation offered as to how any alleged hearing problem caused Harvey's targeting of women for abuse, or his loud use of profanity in the workplace.
Although Christopher, Chamara and Bhend originally filed their complaints only against NEA's Alaska affiliate, as that was their employer, evidence uncovered during the course of the case revealed that the national organization had been primarily responsible for assigning Harvey to work in management in Alaska. The evidence revealed that the national organization did this in spite of knowledge that Harvey had engaged in abusive conduct towards women in the workplace at other NEA-affiliated organizations. While working at an NEA-affiliated organization in Maryland, the Teachers Association of Baltimore County, Harvey was charged with physically assaulting one woman, and causing two more women to file complaints concerning his verbally abusive and physically threatening behavior. Following those incidents, the National Staff Organization published a notice in its newsletter to NEA employees warning about Mr. Harvey's harassing behavior. After this, NEA hired Harvey to work at its Mississippi affiliate, where his abusive conduct continued. NEA subsequently made arrangements for Harvey to be transferred out of Mississippi, and into management of NEA's Alaska affiliate.
"The parallels between the actions of the national NEA, in passing Tom Harvey from one affiliate to another in spite of knowing of his abusive behavior, and the actions of the Catholic Church in transferring known abusers from parish to parish, are striking," said Terry A. Venneberg, one of the attorneys for the plaintiffs in the case. "It was shameful for the NEA, an organization that prides itself in advocacy for employees in abusive situations, to send Tom Harvey to Alaska, knowing of his capacity for destroying lives and careers." Kenneth R. Friedman, who also represented the plaintiffs, said, "NEA-Alaska was almost as much a victim of Tom Harvey as the three abused employees. NEA put this time bomb in their midst, and the organization has suffered from top to bottom. Good employees have left, morale is low, and the mission of advocacy on behalf of teachers has been derailed. The full human and financial cost of sending Tom Harvey to Alaska will never be known. The teachers of Alaska have a right to be angry and upset over this drain on their union."
Tom Harvey is currently the Executive Director of NEA-Alaska. He was promoted to that position after the EEOC filed this lawsuit.
A jury found in favor of Thomas Ivers in his 9-year struggle with Allstate Insurance Company over the loss of his home. Mr. Ivers lost his dream home on 10 acres in El Dorado County in January 1997 due to a fire of undetermined origin. Allstate, his homeowner insurer, claimed that the fire was Arson and that Ivers was responsible. Allstate also claimed that Mr. Ivers fraudulently inflated the value of his personal property lost in the fire, and failed to cooperate with Allstate's investigation of the claim.
Last summer a South Lake Tahoe jury rejected all of Allstate's defenses and found that the claim was indeed covered under the policy. The jury specifically rejected Allstate's defenses of arson, non-cooperation, and fraud. That jury awarded Ivers $676,532 for the cost of rebuilding his home and replacing the contents.
This recent trial addressed the question of whether Allstate's actions amounted to more than a simple mistake-or "honest dispute" in the words of their attorney. The jury found that the denial for the reasons claimed was improper and breached the implied covenant of good faith and fair dealing. Although no damages were awarded by the jury in this trial, the court will now be allowed to award attorney fees to Mr. Ivers for his nine year struggle for justice.
Ken Friedman, of Friedman | Rubin, along with Glenn Guenard, Guenard & Bozarth, LLP, represented Mr. Ivers. "Allstate never thought this day would come," said Ken Friedman, "they believed the mud they threw at their customer would stick. But at the end, we proved it wasn't arson, it was a covered claim, and it wasn't an honest mistake."
On February 20, 2006, the Sacramento News and Review published an article discussing one of Ken Friedman's cases, Ivers v. Allstate.
The article by reporter Amanda Dyer entitled "Goats, arson and gag orders", features a photograph of Ivers' anti-Allstate pens and stickers and observes that "Tom Ivers has so far thrashed Allstate in court. Now the insurance company wants him to shut up." The full text of the article can be found by clicking here.
In the first trial, Ken obtained a $676,000 verdict for Mr. Ivers on his homeowner's policy. (Click here to see our earlier press release on the Ivers verdict.) The second trial, addressing bad faith and punitive damages, is set to commence on February 27, 2006 in Cameron Park, CA.Back to Top
LawDragon.com has named Rick Friedman to its list of the top 500 Lawyers in America, describing him as a "nightmare for insurance companies, he racks up big verdicts."
As part of a multi-book, video, and audio CD series for personal injury and bad faith lawyers, Trial Guides Publishing of Portland Oregon is taking orders for Rick Friedman's new book, co-authored with Patrick Malone, Rules of the Road: A Plaintiff's Lawyers Guide to Proving Liability. For ordering information, click here.
The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit handed down a landmark decision today expanding the reach of sex discrimination claims under Title VII. This appeal presented the novel question whether harassing conduct directed at female employees may violate Title VII in the absence of direct evidence that the harassing conduct or the intent that produced it was because of sex. The Court held that offensive conduct that is not facially sex-specific nonetheless may violate Title VII if there is sufficient circumstantial evidence of qualitative and quantitative differences in the harassment suffered by female and male employees. To read the Court's opinion in its entirety, click here.
Press reports about this victory are appearing in print and online publications around the country. To read one such article, by Justin Scheck of The Recorder, addressing the ramifications of this decision click here.
In January of 1997 Thomas Ivers lost his 5,500 square foot dream home to a fire. With over $650,000 in homeowner's insurance, Ivers was expecting to rebuild. Instead, fourteen months later Allstate denied his claim, accusing Ivers of arson, fraud, and non-cooperation. After years of expensive litigation, Ivers finally had his day in court.
On August 26, 2005 a South Lake Tahoe jury awarded Ivers $676,000. This amount represented the benefits under the Allstate policy that Ivers should have been paid following the fire. The jury rejected each of Allstate's defenses, finding that the insurer did not prove the fire was caused by Ivers, that Ivers did not materially overstate the value of his contents, and that Ivers did not refuse to cooperate with Allstate's investigation of the claim.
The three week trial included testimony that an investigator for Allstate's lawyer attempted to hire a burglar to break into Ivers' home to search for information to incriminate him. Unfortunately for the investigator, he was speaking to an undercover Sacramento Police officer who was wearing a wire. In the recorded transcript, Allstate's investigator is heard saying: "We all want this case to go away, and it ain't going to go away until, uh, you know, we catch Ivers doing something he shouldn't be doing, but we don't want him to catch us doing something we shouldn't be doing."
Having finally obtained an award of his policy benefits, Ivers is entitled to an award of interest to compensate him for the long delay. Another trial against Allstate, for its bad faith claims handling and for punitive damages, will follow.
Ken Friedman of Friedman | Rubin and Glenn Guenard of Guenard & Bozarth, LLP, represented Mr. Ivers.
The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the trial court decision today in the matter involving a Phoenix cardiologist whose disability benefits were terminated in bad faith by her insurer. The jury's original verdict of $84.4 million in April of 2003 was the 7th largest jury verdict in the United States that year and largest ever verdict faced by Paul Revere or its parent UnumProvident. The Ceimo verdict was reduced post-trial by the trial court to $14.3 million with the court adding over $600k in attorney fees and costs. Today's decision, rejecting the insurance company's arguments, lets the district court's determination stand in all respects. To see a copy of the 9th Circuit's summary opinion, click here.Back to Top
On November 29, 2004, Friedman | Rubin warned state regulators of the shortcomings in the recent settlement reached by certain states and UnumProvident Corporation, the nation's largest disability insurance carrier.
State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Co. has agreed to pay $10 million to a Michigan man paralyzed in a 1977 accident who claimed the Bloomington, Ill.-based company didn't tell him his insurance policy covered lifetime attendant care.
State Farm paid Kenneth Tyson nothing for nursing care for more than 10 years and limited benefits for another 15 years, even though Michigan's no-fault auto insurance law required lifetime coverage of such expenses. Ken Tyson was forced to pay many of these expenses himself. Fortunately, Ken had family, friends, and other competent and loving care givers. Without them, Ken would never have survived to see justice done.
In addition to the $10 million settlement, State Farm must continue to pay Ken full attendant-care benefits in the future.
FR's co-counsel in Michigan, Paul Zebrowski, has been doing an outstanding job for clients deprived of attendant care benefits under Michigan's unique no-fault law. In Ken Tyson's case against State Farm, Paul teamed up with Rick Friedman. Their teamwork paid off, resulting in the largest known attendant care recovery in Michigan history.
The Association of Trial Lawyers of America (ATLA) presented its prestigious 2004 Steven J. Sharp Public Service Award to FR attorneys Rick Friedman and Michael White, and to co-counsel Mike Abourezk and Peter Kahana, as well as client Kay Bergonzi, for their effort in bringing justice to thousands of cancer patients.
Kay Bergonzi, a breast cancer survivor and single mother, agreed to be the representative plaintiff in a class action against Central States Health & Life Company of Omaha (CSO) on behalf of all the cancer patients the company had shortchanged, even though she would have gotten more money from an individual lawsuit.
From left to right: attorneys Mike Abourezk, Peter Kahana and Michael White, client Kay Bergonzi and outgoing ATLA President David Casey. Michael White accepted the award for both himself and for Rick Friedman who was unable to attend.
The award reads as follows:
The Association of Trial Lawyers of America hereby confers the Steven J. Sharp Public Service Award upon Michael N. White/Richard H. Friedman.
In recognition of his contribution toward a safer; more just America and his advocacy on behalf of the late Carol Abourezk, lead client Kay Bergonzi, and other cancer patients. He made it his mission to find out how many cancer patients were being cheated by their insurance company, and he succeeded in securing justice for them now and into the future. His perseverance, in the face of overwhelming odds against a major insurance company, is inspirational. His fight for justice will help present and future cancer patients get the support they need in their battle with this deadly disease. His work has sent a clear message about the importance of the civil justice system and its role in securing fairness for all Americans.
July 6, 2004.
The American Trial Lawyers Association Reporter, April, 2004 edition, features a story regarding our series of cancer cases culminating in the Bergonzi class action settlement. Click here to read the story.Back to Top